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Smart Library on Globalization > Genocide > Topic 3: Rape and Genocide > Rape and Genocide > Overview: Rape and Genocide
UN Makes Recommendations for How to Stop Rape in Darfur
In 2004 the UN called on the Sudanese government to stop the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war in Darfur. A year later, what small efforts the government of Sudan had made were pitifully inadequate. In response, the UN made a series of recommendations for actions the Sudanese government and the larger international community must take if sexual violence is to end in Darfur.
In July of 2004, the Sudanese Government and the United Nations issued a joint communique committing the government of Sudan to immediately investigate and stop all human rights violations in Darfur. Those responsible for these violations were to be brought to justice.
Ten months later, the UN released a report on progress made in Darfur. What had the Sudanese government accomplished, especially in the area of the use of rape as a weapon of war?
Summing up their findings, the UN reported:
In short, not only had the Sudanese government done next to nothing to stop sexual violence against the people of Darfur, in most instances it was government or pro-government forces behind the attacks.
What Should Be Done?
Based on its investigations, the UN made a series of recommendations to stop violence in Darfur.
The tasks of investigating, prosecuting and judging crimes of rape need special attention. Personnel working in these areas need to take special care not to cause even more trauma for victims of sexual assault. Whether because of lack of capacity, competence or political will, efforts of the Sudanese government with respect to these efforts has been woefully inadequate.
Judicial and administrative processes need to be strengthened in order to provide victims access to fair, timely and inexpensive justice. The Sudanese government must establish a legal framework that meets international standards to protect women's rights.
The government of Sudan must admit the scope of the problem before there is any hope of addressing sexual violence in Darfur. The government must end the climate of impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence.
What Must the Sundanese Government Do?
The UN makes a series of recommendations targeting the government of Sudan. In the words of the UN report, the Sudanese government must:
Finally, Sudan should enter into all relevant international agreements protecting human rights, and specifically the rights of women and children.
What Must the International Community Do?
The UN recommends that the larger international community provide:
What efforts the Sudanese government made in between 2004 and 2005 to stem the wave of sexual abuse in Darfur have been a dismal failure. The UN recommends a series of actions for the Sudanese government and for the larger international community that must be taken if sexual violence is to end in Darfur.
Data and Methods:
Information collected by human rights officers of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). Four human rights officers from OHCHR were sent to Sudan in August 2004. By July 2005, there were 45 human rights officers deployed in four regional offices. Human rights officers also work closely with humanitarian organizations and the African Union Mission in Sudan.
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. 2005. Access to Justice for Victims of Sexual Violence. Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Geneva. July 29 2005.
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